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5th International Conference on Theoretical and Applied Physics, will be organized around the theme “"Spanning the Gap between Theoretical and Applied Physics"”

Applied Physics 2018 is comprised of keynote and speakers sessions on latest cutting edge research designed to offer comprehensive global discussions that address current issues in Applied Physics 2018

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Theoretical physics consists of numerous strategies. Theoretical particle physics makes a good example. Physicists employ (semi-) verifiable formulae to agree with experimental results, often without deep physical understanding. "Modelers" (also called "model-builders") often appear much like the former, but they try to model unsound and inquisitive theories that have certain enviable features (and not experimental data), and they apply the techniques of mathematical modeling to problems in physics. Attempts have been made to create approximate theories, called “effective theories”, because fully developed theories may be regarded intractable or too complicated. Other may try to unify, reinterpret or generalize the surviving theories, or create completely new ones altogether. Sometimes the foresight provided by pure quantitative systems can provide evidence to how a physical system might be modeled. Some of the other examples include Nuclear Power, high voltage transmission lines with small losses, Rockets, airfoil designs etc.

  • Track 1-1Quantum mechanics
  • Track 1-2Classical mechanics
  • Track 1-3Statistical physics
  • Track 1-4Electromagnetism
  • Track 1-5Electrodynamics
  • Track 1-6General relativity
  • Track 1-7Quantum Chromodynamics

Experimental Physics is a contradiction to Theoretical Physics. It endeavors to explore physical phenomena to confirm or deny the predictions of theory. Experimental physics, mainly focuses on the instruments and the data it yields. In Experimental physics, Theoretical models are tested and new models are built.

  • Track 2-1Controlled and natural experiments
  • Track 2-2Photonics
  • Track 2-3Ion beam and nuclear solid state
  • Track 2-4Hydrodynamics
  • Track 2-5Geometrization of irriversibility
  • Track 2-6Interferometry
  • Track 2-7Spectroscopy
  • Track 2-8Crystallography
  • Track 2-9Statistical methods in Experimental physics

Quantum field theory, since its inception, has been the basic framework for describing the physics of the elementary particle and their interactions. Its success in quantum electrodynamics has been tremendous, leading to the best theoretical predictions of the whole physics as of now. Later, the use of QFT in the description of weak and strong interactions, was also extremely helpful and productive, converging for the standard model, which has a vast and impressive body of experimental support. During the 80’s, the efforts to produce a quantum field theory based grand unified model for the weak, strong and electromagnetic interactions, failed. It was considered to be the starting point for the attempts to use new methods such as string theory in high-energy physics.  

  • Track 3-1Formulation of Quantum mechanics
  • Track 3-2Approximation techniques
  • Track 3-3Quantum optics
  • Track 3-4Quantum electrodynamics
  • Track 3-5Mathematical foundations
  • Track 3-6Atomic spectra
  • Track 3-7Photoelectric effect
  • Track 3-8Quantization of energy
  • Track 3-9Angular momentum
  • Track 3-10Perturbation theory
  • Track 3-11Scattering theory
  • Track 3-12Quantum entanglement
  • Track 3-13Quantum tunneling
  • Track 3-14Wave particle duality
  • Track 3-15Uncertainity principle
  • Track 3-16Thought experiments and interpretations

Matter does not simply pull on other matter across empty space, as Newton had fancied. Rather matter garbles space-time and it is this garbled space-time that in turn impacts other matter. Objects (including planets, like the Earth, for instance) fly freely under their own inertia through space-time, following curved paths because this is the shortest possible path (or geodesic) in twisted space-time.

  • Track 4-1Theory of general and special relativity
  • Track 4-2Black hole physics
  • Track 4-3Null cone structure
  • Track 4-4Lorentz transformation
  • Track 4-5Speed of light
  • Track 4-6Doppler shift
  • Track 4-7Time dilation
  • Track 4-8 Space-Time
  • Track 4-9Gravity and acceleration
  • Track 4-10Theory of gravitational waves

Theoretical framework, new models, and mathematical tools to understand present experiments and make valid predictions for future experiments were developed by Theoretical Particle Physics. There are several major interrelated efforts being made in theoretical particle physics today. The branch attempts to better understand the Standard Model and its tests. By extracting the parameters from the Standard Model, from experiments with less uncertainty, this work circumvents the limits of the Standard Model and thereby expanding our understanding of the building blocks of nature. Those efforts are challlenged by the difficulty of calculating quantities in quantum chromodynamics. 

  • Track 5-1Dark energy and dark matter
  • Track 5-2 Nuclear physics
  • Track 5-3String theory
  • Track 5-4Neutrinophysics
  • Track 5-5Theory and applications of high energy physics
  • Track 5-6Fusion energy
  • Track 5-7Guage theory
  • Track 5-8Scattering of Leptons and Hadrons
  • Track 5-9Quark models and Fermions -Bosons
  • Track 5-10Heavy ion physics

Astrophysics is an extension of classical Astronomy which deals with the celestial bodies and phenomena. Astrophysics can also be defined as the combination of Astronomy and Physics. Some areas where we can see the applications of research in astronomy are electronics, advanced computing, communication satellites, optics, solar panels and MRI Scanners.  Even though it takes time before an application of a research in astrophysics finds its way into our daily life, the impact it eventually makes is worth the wait.

  • Track 6-1Planetory science
  • Track 6-2Optical astronomy
  • Track 6-3Cosmology
  • Track 6-4Astro Plasma physics
  • Track 6-5Gravitational physics
  • Track 6-6Extra Galactic Astronomy

Plasma physics is defined as the study of charged particles and fluids interacting with self- consistent electric and magnetic fields. It is a basic research discipline that has many different areas of application such as Space and Astrophysics, Controlled fusion, Accelerator physics and Beam storage. Plasmas are electrically conductive and respond to electric and magnetic fields and can be expeditious sources of radiation, they are used in a large number of usages where such control is needed or when special sources of energy or radiation are mandatory.

  • Track 7-1Complex Plasma phenomenon
  • Track 7-2Laser Plasma
  • Track 7-3Fusion Plasma
  • Track 7-4Electric conductivity in Plasma
  • Track 7-5Plasma in technology and Medicine
  • Track 7-6Thermal Plasma
  • Track 7-7Non-equlibrium low temperature Plasma

The property of having zero resistance in some specific substances at very low absolute temperatures is known as Superconductivity. Such substances, which possess this property of Superconductivity are called Superconducting materials. Superconductors are employed in an enormous variety of applications such as high speed magnetic –levitation trains, Magnetic Resonance Imaging(MRI), ultra speed computer chips, high capacity digital memory chips, alternative energy storage systems etc.,. 

  • Track 8-1Superconducting materials
  • Track 8-2Zero resistivity
  • Track 8-3Meissner -Ochsenfeld effect
  • Track 8-4Perfect diamagnetism
  • Track 8-5Type-I and Type-II Superconductors
  • Track 8-6Critical magnetic field
  • Track 8-7High temperature Superconductors
  • Track 8-8Transport currents in Superconductors

Spintronics is a novel area in nanoscale electronics that deals with the sensing and manipulation of electron spin. This is a novel field in electronics at a nanoscale, that involves the detection and manipulation of the spin of electrons. Electron spin can be sensed as a magnetic field having one of two orientations, known as down and up. This gives away two additional binary states to the conventional low and high logic values. These values are represented by simple currents. With the addition of the spin state to the mix, a bit can have four possible states, which is be called down-low, down-high, up-low, and up-high. These four states represent quantum bits (qubits). This advanced technology has been tested in critical devices as the hard – drives with their mass-storage components.

  • Track 9-1Spin polarization
  • Track 9-2Spin relaxation in metals and Semiconductors
  • Track 9-3Electric dipole in Spin resonance
  • Track 9-4Spin injection
  • Track 9-5Spin transistors
  • Track 9-6Spin pumping
  • Track 9-7Topological insulators and Rashba field
  • Track 9-8Spin dependant transport
  • Track 9-9Magnetoelectronics

Semiconductor device, an electronic circuit element made from a material that is neither a healthy conductor nor a solid insulator; hence called a semiconductor. Such devices have found widespread applications because of their ruggedness, robustness, and affordability. As individual components, they have found use in power devices, optical sensors, and light emitters, including solid-state lasers. They have an extensive range of current and voltage handling functionality, with current ratings from a few nanoamperes (10−9 ampere) to more than 5,000 amperes and voltage ratings extending above 100,000 volts. More importantly, semiconductor devices lend themselves to integration into complicated but readily makable microelectronic circuits. 

  • Track 10-1Physics of Semiconductors
  • Track 10-2Band structures
  • Track 10-3Bipolar transistors
  • Track 10-4Integrated electrical circuits
  • Track 10-5Metal Semiconductor field-effect transistors
  • Track 10-6Semiconductor thermodynamics
  • Track 10-7Material science and Engineering

Light Amplification by Stimulated Emission of Radiation(Laser). More specifically, one usually means laser oscillators, but sometimes also includes devices with laser amplifiers. The first laser device was a pulsed ruby laser, demonstrated by Theodore Maiman in the 1960s. In the same year, the first gas laser, a helium–neon laser and the first laser diode were made. Semiconductor lasers, that are predominantly laser diodes, that are electrically or optically pumped, efficiently generating very high output powers, but typically with poor beam quality, or low powers with very good spatial properties for application in media players, or pulses for example for telecom applications with very high pulse repetition rates. Special types include quantum cascade lasers for mid-infrared light and surface-emitting semiconductor lasers, the latter also being suitable for pulse generation with high powers.

  • Track 11-1Modern trends in Laser physics
  • Track 11-2Non linear optics
  • Track 11-3Lasers in medicines and lifesciences
  • Track 11-4Quantum optics
  • Track 11-5Advances in Laser technology
  • Track 11-6Fibre optic technology
  • Track 11-7Computational optical sensing and imaging
  • Track 11-8Biomedial optics
  • Track 11-9Photorefractive effects
  • Track 11-10Applied industrial optics
  • Track 11-11Optical materials and devices
  • Track 11-12Optical communication and networking

Solid-state physics is the examination of unbending matter and solids, by the use of methodologies as quantum mechanics, crystallography, electromagnetism, and metallurgy. This branch is the largest branch under condensed matter physics. Solid-state physics deals with how large-scale properties of solid materials evolve from their atomic-scale properties. Thus, this study forms a theoretical basis of materials science. This also has direct applications, in the technology of transistors and semiconductors. It has the most striking impact on the solid state electronics. The firms of electronics, telecommunication and instrumentation will acknowldege this course.

  • Track 12-1Crystalline materials and diffraction
  • Track 12-2Free electron theory
  • Track 12-3Electrons and holes in semiconductors
  • Track 12-4Phase transitions
  • Track 12-5Electronic structures and phonons
  • Track 12-6Transport properties
  • Track 12-7Experimental techniques and devices

Graphene is a blend of graphite and the suffix -ene, named by Hanns-Peter Boehm, who described single-layer carbon foils in the year 1962. The term graphene first appeared in 1987 to describe single sheets of graphite as a constituent of graphite intercalation compounds (GICs). Theoretically GIC is a crystalline salt of the intercalant and graphene. The term was also used in early descriptions of carbon nanotubes, as well as for epitaxial graphene and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH). Graphene is considered an "infinite alternant" (only six-member carbon ring) polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon.  The toxicity of graphene has been extensively debated in the literature. The most comprehensive review on graphene toxicity summarized the in vitro, in vivo, antimicrobial and environmental effects and highlights the various mechanisms of graphene toxicity. The toxicity of graphene is dependent on factors such as shape, size, purity, post-production processing steps, oxidative state, functional groups, dispersion state, synthesis methods, route, dose of administration and exposure times. 

  • Track 13-1Structural and functional attributes of graphene
  • Track 13-2Synthesis of graphene
  • Track 13-3Field emission and graphene
  • Track 13-4Quantum transport in graphene based materials
  • Track 13-5Doping of graphene
  • Track 13-6Nanostructured graphene
  • Track 13-7Carbon nanotubes
  • Track 13-8Electronic and photonic applications

Normal optical components, like lenses and microscopes, generally cannot normally focus light to nanometer (deep subwavelength) scales, because of the diffraction limit (Rayleigh criterion). Nevertheless, it is possible to squeeze light into a nanometer scale using other techniques like, for example, surface plasmons, localized surface plasmons around nanoscale metal objects, and the nanoscale orifices and nanoscale sharp tips used in near-field scanning optical microscopy (NSOM) and photoassisted scanning tunnelling microscopy. The marriage of nanomechanics and nanophotonics would bring us a giant step closer to optical chips. That’s important, because light has a vastly wider bandwidth than electricity, which would enable it to get around the critical bottleneck in computing: the connections between processors.

  • Track 14-1Quantum dots
  • Track 14-2Quantum nano optics
  • Track 14-3Near field optical microscopy
  • Track 14-4Nano plasmonics
  • Track 14-5Meta materials and applications
  • Track 14-6Optoelectronics
  • Track 14-7Nano optomechanics
  • Track 14-8Nano biophotonics

Light is at the center of all biophotonics research. Biophotonics is a relatively new but rapidly growing discipline which uses light to view and analyse living tissues and cells to detect, diagnose and treat dreaded diseases such as cancer, heart disease and Alzheimer’s. The interaction of light with matter results in absorption, fluorescence, reflection and scattering of the beam which can tell us information about the molecule or structure. Biophotonics has thus become an established general term for all techniques that deal with the interaction between biological items and photons. This denotes all the processes from emission, detection, absorption, reflection, modification, and conception of radiation from biomolecular, cells, tissues, organisms and biomaterials. Areas of application are life science, medicine, agriculture, and environmental science.

  • Track 15-1Bioluminescense
  • Track 15-2Optical coherence tomography
  • Track 15-3Photoacoustic microscopy
  • Track 15-4Optical imaging procedures
  • Track 15-5Applications of laser diodes

Computers empower us to help broaden and deepen our reasoning of physics by immensely increasing the array of mathematical calculations which we can conveniently perform. Computational physics is a quickly growing subfield of computational science, in large part because computers can solve previously recalcitrant problems or imitate natural processes that do not have objective solutions.  Computational physics may be loosely defined as 'the science of using computers to aid in the solution of physical problems, and to further research in physics. Computers now play a vital role in almost every offshoot of physics and some illustration of areas that lie within the setting of computational physics like large scale quantum mechanical reckoning in nuclear, atomic, molecular and condensed matter physics, Large scale calculations in such spheres as hydrodynamics, astrophysics, plasma physics, meteorology and geophysics, fluid dynamics, simulation and modelling of intricate physical systems such as those that occur in condensed matter physics, medical physics and industrial applications, Experimental data processing and image processing and Computer algebra; development and applications.

  • Track 16-1Computations in Theoretical Physics
  • Track 16-2Algorithms and tools
  • Track 16-3Computer algebra
  • Track 16-4Python in computational physics
  • Track 16-5Quantum computation and information
  • Track 16-6Experimental data processing
  • Track 16-7Monte Carlo methods
  • Track 16-8Poisson equation
  • Track 16-9Integration of ODEs
  • Track 16-10Computational lattice field theory
  • Track 16-11Simulation of physical Systems
  • Track 16-12Computational materials science
  • Track 16-13Software techniques and networking

Medical physics is also called as biomedical physics or applied physics in medicine. Medical physics departments are generally found in hospitals or universities. The applications of Medical physics include scientific problem solving, comprehensive problem solving of less than optimal performance or optimized use of medical devices, identification and elimination of possible causes.

  • Track 17-1Radiation therapeutic physics
  • Track 17-2Nuclear medicine
  • Track 17-3Laser and Photonics
  • Track 17-4Structural molecular biology
  • Track 17-5Physical biochemistry
  • Track 17-6Neuro science
  • Track 17-7Biomedical engineering

Physicists use theoretical and experimental methods to develop justifications of the goings-on in nature. Surprisingly, many occurrences such as electrical conduction can be elaborated through relatively streamlined mathematical pictures — models that were landscaped well before the coming of modern computation. And then there are affairs in nature that push even the limits of high performance computing and advanced experimental tools. Computers specially struggle at simulating systems made of numerous particles--or many-bodies – engaging with each other through multiple competing pathways. Yet, some of the most provocative physics happens when the individual particle conduct give way to emergent collective properties. The theory of Quantum Thermodynamic Motion (or QTM) is an area of physics which provides a assembled framework of comprehending for the behavior of complex assemblies, namely their constitute particles and force interactions. In general terms, the many-body hypothesis describes effects that demonstrate themselves in a system which contains a large numbers of non-trivial forces (e.g. particles and fields). While the basal laws of physics that govern the bodies of motion on each individual particle may or may not be trivial, the study of systems collective particles may display extremely complex phenomena. As often is the case in which a tangled array of forces reveal nascent phenomenon which oft bear little or no commonality to the underlying system dynamics.

  • Track 18-1Quantum field theory of Many body physics
  • Track 18-2Green functions and Feyman approach
  • Track 18-3Finite temperature Many body physics
  • Track 18-4Fermi liquid theory
  • Track 18-5Broken symmetry and Superconductivity
  • Track 18-6Path integrals and itinerant magnetism
  • Track 18-7Many body physics in synthetic quantum systems